Tuesday, March 5, 2013

Procedure of slaughtering in Islam

The correct way of slaughtering animals in Islam

God has determined the animal is halal and haram for Muslims, and have determined the correct way of slaughtering animals according to Islamic teachings. Because animals can be turned into a halal haram if done incorrectly slaughter.

The procedure of slaughtering animals is 2:

1. Nahr [Arabic:
نحر], slaughtering animals by injuring the spot necklace (base of the neck). It is a way of slaughtering animals camel. Allah says;

والبدن جعلناها لكم من شعائر الله لكم فيها خير فاذكروا اسم الله عليها صواف فإذا وجبت جنوبها فكلوا

We have made ​​available for you camels that part of the greatness of God, you get a lot of merit to it, then call it when you kill God's name in an established (and has been committed). Then when it is collapsed (dead), then eat ... (Surat al-Hajj: 36)

Ibn Abbas radhiallahu 'anhuma explain the verse, (camel) stand with three legs, while the front left leg tied. (Tafsir Ibn Kathir on this verse)

From Jabir ibn Abdillah radhiallahu 'anhuma, he said, that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam and his companions slaughter a camel to position the front left leg tied up and stand with three legs remaining. (Narrated by Abu Dawud and Al-Albani validated).

2. Dzabh [Arabic: ذبح], slaughtering animals by injuring his neck top (neck end). This method is generally slaughtered animals, such as goats, chickens, etc..
In this section we will discuss procedures Dzabh, because this Dzabh slaughter practiced in the Nahr-we-not.

Several manners to note:

1. Should the slaughter is Shohibul sacrifice himself, if he is able. If not then it could be delegated to others, and sacrifice Shohibul prescribed to witness.

2. Use the knife as sharp as possible (because this would reduce the perceived pain the animal). The sharper, the better. It is based on the hadith of Shaddad ibn Aus radhiallahu 'anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam said,

إن الله كتب الإحسان على كل شىء فإذا قتلتم فأحسنوا القتلة وإذا ذبحتم فأحسنوا الذبح و ليحد أحدكم شفرته فليرح

"Verily, Allah requires doing charity in all things. If you kill, kill with the charity, if you slaughter, kill it with ihsan. You should sharpen his knife and fun sembelihannya. "(Narrated by Muslim).

3. Do not sharpen the knife in front of the animal to be slaughtered. Since this will cause him to fear before slaughter. Based on the hadith of Ibn Umar radhiallahu 'anhuma,

أمر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بحد الشفار, وأن توارى عن البهائم

"The Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam ordered to sharpen a knife, without showing it to the animal." (Narrated by Ahmad, Ibn Majah).
In another narration, the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam never passed someone who put his foot on the neck of a goat, then he sharpened his knife, saw the animal temporarily. Then he said (which means):

"Why do not you sharpen before?! Do you want to turn it off twice?!. "(Narrated Ath-Thabrani with sahih sanad).

4. Exposes the animal to the direction of Qibla.

Mentioned in Mausu'ah fiqhiyah:
Animals were exposed to a direction about to be slaughtered at the position of the organ to be slaughtered (neck) rather than his face. Because that's the way to get closer to God. (Mausu'ah fiqhiyah Kuwaitiyah, 21:196).
Thus, the proper way of exposing the animals to the direction of Qiblah when slaughtering is by positioning head south, feet in the West, and the neck facing West.

5. Animal lay on the left side.
Imam An-Nawawi said,
There are several traditions about lying animal (not slaughtered with stand, pen.) And Muslims also agreed with this. The scholars agreed that the correct way animals are laid to the left. Because this will make it easier to cut butcher animals with the right hand and holding the neck with his left hand. (Mausu'ah fiqhiyah Kuwaitiyah, 21:197).
The same explanation given Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen. He said,
"Animals are about to be slaughtered lay to the left, making it easier for people who slaughtered. Because the butcher will cut the animal with the right hand, so that the animal was placed in the hull next
left. (Syarhul Mumthi ', 7:442).

6. Set foot on the neck of the animal. As mentioned in the hadith of Anas bin Malik radhiallahu 'anhu, he said,

ضحى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بكبشين أملحين, فرأيته واضعا قدمه على صفاحهما يسمي ويكبر

Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam sacrifice with two sheep. I saw him put his feet lay the animal's neck, then read basmalah .... (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim).

7. Reading when going to slaughter.
Some time before slaughter, should read basmalah. It is obligatory, a strong opinion. Allah says,

و لا تأكلوا مما لم يذكر اسم الله عليه وإنه لفسق ..

Ye shall not eat animals not mentioned the name of Allah when slaughter. Indeed, such an act is a transgression. (Surat al-An'am: 121).

8. It is advisable to read the Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) after reading basmalah
From Anas ibn Malik radhiallahu 'anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu' alaihi wa sallam never slaughtered two sheep horns, ... he slaughtered his hands, and read basmalah and bertakbir .... (Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim).
9. At the time of slaughter recommended the name of those who finished the goal dikurbankannya herwan.

From Jabir ibn Abdillah radhiallahu 'anhuma, that once brought a lamb. Then the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam, slaughtered with his hands. When the slaughter he said, 'bismillah wallaahu grand, these sacrifices on my behalf and on behalf of my people who do not sacrifice.' "(Narrated by Abu Dawud, At-Turmudzi and validated Al-Albani).

After reading bismillah Allahu akbar, also allowed if accompanied by the following passage:

hadha Minka wa laka. "(Narrated by Abu Dawood, no. 2795) or
hadha Minka wa laka 'anni or' an so and so (name mentioned Shohibul sacrifice). If you are not Shohibul sacrifice or slaughter
Pray that God receives sacrifices with prayer, "Allahumma taqabbal min minni or so and so (name mentioned Shohibul sacrifice)." [1]

Note: Reading takbir and named sohibul offering legal Sunnah, not obligatory. So the sacrifice is still valid even when slaughtering not read takbir and named sohibul sacrifice.

10. Slaughtered quickly to alleviate what happens to animal sacrifice.
As the hadith of Shaddad bin Aus on top.

11. Make sure that the throat, esophagus, two veins of the neck (right-left) has definitely cut.

Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Baz said that the slaughter in accordance Shari'a that there are three circumstances (Salatul Idain quoted from the work of Sheikh Sa'id al-Qohthoni):

1. Breakdown of the throat, esophagus, and two veins of the neck. This is the best situation. If this then lost four sembelihannya kosher according to all scholars.

2. Breakdown of the throat, esophagus, and one jugular vein. Sembelihannya true, lawful, and be eaten, although this state rank under the former conditions.

3. Breaking of the throat and esophagus, without the two veins of the neck. Sembelihannya legitimate and lawful status, according to some scholars, and is a stronger opinion on the issue. The evidence is the statement of the Prophet sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam,

ما أنهر الدم وذكر اسم الله عليه فكل, ليس السن والظفر

"As long as the blood flow and has been referred to the name of God then eat. Origin did not use tooth and nail. "(Narrated by Al Bukhari and Muslim).

12. Some scholars suggest that letting the right foot moves, so the animals dying sooner.
Imam An-Nawawi said, "It is advisable to lay cows and goats to the left. Such information from Al-Shafi'i madhhab Baghawi and scholars. They said, "His right leg was left ... (Al-Majmu 'Sharh Muhadzab, 8:408)

13. Should not break your neck before the animal is really dead.
The scholars emphasized that this kind of legal action despised. Because it will further increase the pain of sacrifice. Similarly skinning the animal, put it in hot water and the like. All of this should not be done except after it was confirmed that the animal actually dead.

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